Human immunodeficiency infection is a gradually – recreating retrovirus. It causes (AIDS) a condition in people in which dynamic disappointment of the insusceptible framework permits dangerous artful contaminations and malignant growths to flourish. Helps is the late phase of HIV contamination, when an individual’s insusceptible framework is seriously harmed and experiences issues battling infections and certain tumors. HIV tests are utilized to recognize the nearness of the human immunodeficiency infection (HIV), the infection that causes (AIDS), in serum, spit or pee. Such tests let you know whether you are contaminated with HIV or not. As per a harsh gauge given by the World Health Organization (WHO), starting at 2000, insufficient blood screening had brought about 1 million new HIV contaminations around the world. que exame é mais indicado para descobrir se a pessoa é soropositiva
1 of every 4 new HIV contaminations happens in youth matured between 13-24 years, as indicated by CDC.
There are two kinds of HIV infection, the HIV-1 and the HIV-2. Except if noted something else, in the United States, the expression “HIV” basically alludes to the HIV-1. HIV-2 diseases are dominatingly found in Africa.
Both HIV-1 and HIV-2 works by contaminating and bringing down the dimensions of the CD4+T cells, cells which are essential to enable the body to battle ailments. At the point when CD4+T cell numbers decay underneath a basic dimension, the body turns out to be dynamically increasingly powerless to entrepreneurial contaminations. HIV-1 and HIV-2 seem to bundle their RNA in an unexpected way. Tests show that HIV-1 is better ready to transform (HIV-1 disease advances to AIDS quicker than HIV-2 contamination and is in charge of the larger part of worldwide contaminations).
HIV is spread through blood and genital liquids, including pre-fundamental liquids and semen or bosom drain. One can end up tainted with HIV by taking part in unprotected sex or different sorts of sexual conduct with a HIV-constructive individual, or by sharing needles, syringes or other infusion hardware with somebody who is contaminated with HIV.
It by and large takes a short time to get precise outcomes from a HIV test. This is on the grounds that the blood tests that you take are not trying for the nearness of HIV itself in your blood however are rather trying for the antibodies that your body makes trying to battle the infection. Numerous HIV-constructive individuals are unconscious that they are tainted with the infection.
The measure of time required for antibodies to appear on HIV tests is exceedingly factor, as they can appear as right on time as about fourteen days or as late as a half year. Amid that period, you can test HIV negative despite the fact that you are tainted with the infection. You can at present catch HIV from somebody who is in the window time frame. Since benefactors are uninformed of their contaminations, gave blood and blood items utilized in drug are routinely checked for the HIV infection.
Both you and your accomplice ought to get tried for HIV and realize your status before engaging in sexual relations out of the blue. Pregnant ladies ought to be emphatically tried amid every pregnancy. In the event that the mother is contaminated with HIV, care ought to be taken of limiting the risk of passing the infection to the child. Meds are accessible today, which taken appropriately amid pregnancy can unquestionably bring down the danger of passing the HIV infection to the infant.
The most regularly utilized HIV test is a blood test. Blood will initially be tried utilizing the ELISA (compound connected immunosorbent measure) test. On the off chance that antibodies to HIV are available in the serum, they may tie to these HIV antigens.
ELISA results are accounted for as a number. On the off chance that ELISA test is certain, the outcomes will be affirmed utilizing the Western Blot test, which tests just for HIV antibodies. In the United States such ELISA results are not revealed as ‘positives’, except if affirmed by a Western Blot test. More up to date HIV tests can recognize HIV antibodies in mouth liquids (not spit), a scratching from inside the mouth or pee. In 2012, the FDA endorsed the first “in-home” HIV test. It utilizes a mouth swab and show results in 30-40 minutes. Any positive test outcome ought to be affirmed by a lab utilizing the Western Blot.
Following a negative 6th month test, it is suggested that people complete one last check a half year later to affirm the outcomes. In the event that the outcomes are as yet pessimistic, it is relatively sure that the individual isn’t contaminated with HIV.
HIV is like different infections, for example, those that reason chilly and influenza, with one critical contrast – the human body can’t dispose of HIV. That implies. On the off chance that you get HIV, you get it forever.