Traditional Educational Institutions in Child Education in Sierra Leone


Sierra Leone is bordered on the north-west, north west and north-east by the Republic Guinea, on the south-east by the Republic of Liberia and on south-west by the Ocean. It has an area of 27, 925 square miles. The nest of Sierra Leone began in the sale and cession in 1787 by native chiefs to The english language settlers of a part of land intended as a home for Africa settlers who were waifs in London sometime later it was it was used as money for freed African slaves. The hinterland was declared a British Protectorate on twenty-first August, 1896. Sierra Leone attained independence on 26th April, 1961 and became a Republic in the year of 1971. Education is provided by both private and state-sponsored schools. The present system of education is 6-3-4-4 (that is six years Major school, three years Jr Secondary School, four years Senior Secondary School and 4 years tertiary/higher education. This product is complemented by non- formal education. School


Education is frequently used in the sense of instruction in their classroom, laboratory, workshop or domestic science room and consists principally in the imparting by the educator, and the acquisition by pupils, of information and mental as well as manual skills. A larger meaning than instruction is that of schooling. Frankly all that goes on within the college as part of the pupil’s life there. It includes, among other things, marriage between pupils and instructors, pupils and pupils both in and out of doors the school. T. S. Mill (1931) opined that whatever helps to condition the human being; to help make the individual what he is or hinder him from being what he is not is part of his education. Implicitly education is lifelong and all-pervasive; it is the final amount of all influences which go to make a person what he can, from birth to death. This includes the home, our neighbors, and the streets among others.

Education is to some extent a deliberate planned process developed and conducted by the educator with the perform of imbuing the novice with certain information, skills, of mind and body as well as methods of behavior considered desired. Simply it is the learner’s own respond to the environment in which he lives. Education has three points: the individual/person after whom the educator’s influences are brought to bear; the society or community to which this individual belongs; and the complete context of reality within that this individual and contemporary society play their part. Gentleman is a social monster; he grows as a person through the impact of personality on personality; and even for his basic physical needs this individual will depend on the assistance and cooperation of his guy men and women. Devoid of society and the common support and enrichment of experience which it provides civilization is impossible and the life of man, in Hobbes’ words, is “solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short. inches

One particular of the fundamental facts of human existence is the strain between the pull of yesteryear and the forward urge into the future, between balance and alter, tradition and innovation. For effective living, man has to have a circle of security, the of founded habits and relationship which forms trustworthy relationships. This kind of is also true of society. For its effective functioning there has to be an actual continuity of traditions and outlook which preserves the identity as a world and safeguards it against the disruptive effects of change. Change must be forever and not fixed but this change in turn must be manipulated by the basic practices of society. It is tradition which gives a nation its character and distinctiveness as a world. The conservation of custom therefore is actually essential.

It has been identified from time immemorial that the conservation of traditional education comes with an essential part to play in the development of the child. The children more recently are the adults of tomorrow; they must be trained therefore, to inherit and perpetuate the beliefs and settings of life peculiar to this society to which they belong. For every society has the prefer to preserve itself not only physically but as community consciously sharing certain purposes, ideals and patterns of behavior. This type of education is definitely not special in schools by using school room instruction but that affected indirectly through the family and through the impact on the individual of social influences and persuits which the child are unable to evade. In Sierra Leone this social education included elaborate ceremonies of avertissement involving feats of stamina in which young men and females must prove themselves worth the community. The ultimate goal was heading to produce an person who was honest, sincere, skilled, cooperative, and who could conform to the social order of the day. As Aristotle once explained “the constitution of a state are afflicted if education is omitted. The citizens of a state should always be educated to suit the constitution of the express. The sort of character appropriate to a constitution is the power which continues to sustain it since it is also the condition force which at first created it” (p. I).

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