Traditional Educational Institutions in Child Education in Sierra Leone


Sierra Leone is limited on the north-west, north and north-east by the Republic Guinea, on the south-east by the Republic of Liberia and on south-west by the Atlantic Ocean. It has a territory of 27,925 square miles. The province of Sierra Leone started in the deal and cession in 1787 by local boss to English pioneers of a land parcel expected as a home for African pilgrims who were starving strays in London and later it was utilized as a settlement for liberated African slaves. The hinterland was announced a British Protectorate on 21st August, 1896. Sierra Leone accomplished autonomy on 27th April, 1961 and turned into a Republic in 1971. Instruction is given by both private and state-supported schools. The present arrangement of training is 6-3-4-4 (that is six years Primary school, three years Junior Secondary School, four years Senior Secondary School and four years tertiary/advanced education. This framework is supplemented by non-formal instruction. bca in one year


Training is much of the time utilized in the feeling of guidance in the classroom, research center, workshop or local science room and comprises chiefly in the conferring by the instructor, and the procurement by understudies, of data and mental and in addition manual abilities. A more extensive importance than guidance is that of tutoring. In other words all that goes on inside the school as a component of the student’s life there. It incorporates, in addition to other things, connection among understudies and instructors, students and students both in and outside the school. J. S. Factory (1931) opined that whatever shapes the person; to make the individual what he is or obstruct him from being what he isn’t is a piece of his instruction. Certainly training is long lasting and pervasive; it is the whole of all impacts which go to make an individual what he is, from birth to death. It incorporates the home, our neighbors, and the road among others.

Instruction is to some degree a conscious arranged process formulated and led by the instructor with the reason for pervading the student with certain data, aptitudes, of brain and body and additionally methods of conduct thought about alluring. To a limited extent it is the student’s very own reaction to nature in which he lives. Instruction has three central focuses: the individual/individual upon whom the teacher’s persuasions are conveyed to manage; the general public or network to which he has a place; and the entire setting of reality inside which the individual and society have their influence. Man is a social animal; he develops as an individual through the effect of identity on identity; and notwithstanding for his essential physical requirements he relies upon the assistance and collaboration of his kindred people. Without society and the common help and advancement of encounters which it gives human advancement is outlandish and the life of man, in Hobbes’ words, is “lone, poor, frightful, brutish and short.”

One of the principal realities of human presence is the pressure between the draw of the past and the forward inclination into the future, among steadiness and change, convention and advancement. For powerful living,man needs a hover of security, a territory of built up propensities and relationship which shapes reliable connections. This is additionally valid for society. For its viable working there must be a basic congruity of customs and standpoint which protects its way of life as a general public and shields it against the problematic impacts of progress. Change must be forever and not static but rather this adjustment thus should be controlled by the essential customs of society. It is custom which gives a country its character and uniqueness as a general public. The protection of convention along these lines is clearly critical.

It has been perceived from time immemorial that the preservation of conventional instruction has an essential part to play in the improvement of the kid. The offspring of today are the grown-ups of tomorrow; they should be prepared accordingly, to acquire and sustain the convictions and methods of life unconventional to the specific culture to which they have a place. For each general public wants to safeguard itself physically as well as network deliberately sharing certain points, goals and examples of conduct. This kind of training isn’t really formal in schools by methods for classroom guidance however that affected in a roundabout way through the family and through the effect on the person of social impacts and traditions which the youngster can’t avoid. In Sierra Leone this social instruction included expound services of inception including accomplishments of perseverance in which young fellows and ladies must substantiate themselves deserving of the network. A definitive objective was to create a person who was straightforward, conscious, talented, agreeable, and who could adjust to the social request of the day. As Aristotle once expressed “the constitution of a state will endure if instruction is disregarded. The natives of a state ought to dependably be taught to suit the constitution of the state. The kind of character suitable to a constitution is the power which keeps on supporting it as it is additionally the state compel which initially made it” (p. I).


Conventional instruction has both an imaginative and protection work in the public eye; it is an incredible methods for saving a general public’s traditions, if not culture. In the past the nature and requirements of society had a fundamental impact in deciding the idea of training. Educator M.V.C. Jeffreys (1950) once wrote in his book, Glaucon, that “in a peaceful society the instructive framework will in general mirror the social example, while social uneasiness and shakiness make open door for utilizing training as an instrument of social change”(p.7). A comparable view was shared by John Dewey (1897) who opined that through training society can figure its very own motivations, can sort out its own methods and assets and along these lines spare itself with definiteness and economy toward the path in which it wishes to move. Training looks both to the past and the future; definitely it mirrors the customs and character of society. Conventional training can be utilized to plan for changes in the public eye and foresee and forestall changes or the impacts of changes in the public eye.

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